After a three-year freeze, the minimum wage in the economic powerhouse of Guangdong will increase on average by around 200 yuan a month on 1 July, the provincial government announced last week. However, the increase falls well short of guaranteeing low-paid workers in the province a living wage.
The monthly minimum wage in the provincial capital Guangzhou will increase by about ten percent from the 1,895 yuan to 2,100 yuan, bringing it more in line with Shenzhen (2,200 yuan) but a long way from Shanghai, which increased its minimum wage to 2,420 yuan a month on 1 April this year.
The monthly minimum wage rate in second-tier cities like Dongguan, Foshan and Zhuhai will increase from 1,510 yuan to 1,720 yuan but that is still less than in second-tier cities in the eastern coastal province of Shandong.
Third-tier cities like Huizhou will get a 200 yuan increase to 1550 yuan per month, while the lowest minimum wage in Guangdong’s fourth-tier cities will go up to 1,410 yuan per month, which is less than the lowest monthly rate in the poorer and economically developing province of Jiangxi.
Food delivery workers in Guangzhou are struggling to make a living wage
China’s Minimum Wage Regulations stipulate that each region should set its minimum wage at between 40 and 60 percent of the local average wage. However, very few cities ever reach that target and even with its latest increase, Guangdong’s minimum wages barely reach 30 percent of the local average wage.
The Hong Kong-based group Worker Empowerment conducted a survey of minimum wage workers in Guangdong in 2017 and found that most were forced to live in low-rent, poor quality housing, spent most of their income on food and that many walked to and from work in order to avoid transport costs. Worker Empowerment estimated that a more realistic minimum wage in the province would be 2,970 yuan per month in Guangzhou; 1,922 yuan in Dongguan; 2,159 yuan in third-tier cities and 1,884 yuan in fourth-tier cities.
The provincial government had sought to delay its minimum wage increase for as long as possible after an exodus of businesses to lower-cost inland provinces in the mid 2010s. However, the rapidly increasing cost of living, particularly in housing in major cities, has forced it to make this minimal adjustment.
An official from the Guangdong Federation of Trade Unions told CLB that the provincial Department of Human Resources and Social Security had initially wanted a much lower increase but after consultation they eventually agreed to the 200 yuan raise.
The official argued that the new minimum wage was actually closer to the average wage than official statistics suggested because the statistics did not take into account the lowest-paid workers. He declined to say whether or not the new minimum wage rate was actually a living wage or what steps the trade union was taking to promote collective bargaining as a means of increasing wages.
It is clear however that, as in the past, employees on the minimum wage in Guangdong will still have to work excessive overtime and rely on bonuses in order to earn a decent wage.
As usual, employees on the minimum wage in Guangdong will still have to work excessive overtime and rely on bonuses just to earn a living wage.
Many workers however, such as those in the food delivery industry, are not even guaranteed a monthly minimum wage because they are hired as independent contractors rather than formal employees. Increased competition in the online food-delivery business recently has led to workers’ take home pay being cut and has forced them to work even longer hours and take even greater risks in order to make their deliveries on time.